The Rock of Gibraltar is an impressive sight whether it is seen from land, sea or air. On one side, it is a perfect picture of serenity, with lazy, sandy beaches basking in the Mediterranean sunshine. On the other reside the bustling town, booming business centre and busy harbour of Gibraltar. Together, they offer an enviable lifestyle with the professionalism and vibrancy of a modern, thriving location.
Added to this are the numerous, varied benefits that come naturally to a unique place that relishes from warm summers, mild winters, and a high quality of life, with a wide variety of sporting, cultural and entertainment facilities, both in and around the Rock. Gibraltar is particularly an ideal place for those interested in ecotourism, historical sightseeing, leisure pursuits or duty-free shopping.
Gibraltar is steeped with over 100,000 years of history, which makes the Rock and the surrounding area one of the longest inhabited places in Europe. Numerous sites are of international importance and are ideal for those that look for inspiring, edifying breaks.
From ancient civilizations to early modern empires, Gibraltar has been mythologised, considered as one of the Pillars of Hercules, and fought over time and time again. From early Phoenician settlements to Gibraltar's historically-recent capture by a force of Anglo-Dutch Marines in 1704, Gibraltar has always far exceeded its small size in regards to the impact it has had throughout the ages.
Come to Gibraltar and be guided by a licensed professional who will impart his knowledge of local history, myths and legends and who will help you get the most out of your trip. Whether in Gibraltar for a week or a day our guide will make your visit one to remember.
Geography and Topography
Situated at the south-western tip of Europe, at a latitude of 36°8'N and a longitude of 5°21'W, Gibraltar has an area of 6.8 km² (2.6 sq mi) and a shoreline measuring 12 km (7.5 mi) in length. Gibraltar is a peninsular that is surrounded by 80% water and located adjacent to the well-known Strait that takes its name. It is a unique geographical location where it is possible to see three countries (Gibraltar, Spain and Morocco) and two continents (Europe and Africa) just by driving or walking from the northern side to the southern side of Gibraltar.
Gibraltar’s most prominent feature is undoubtedly the ever-imposing and dominating mass of limestone internationally known as the mighty Rock of Gibraltar. This limestone rock, which makes it one of the most unique sites on Earth, has a height of 426 metres (1,398 feet). Most of the Rock's upper area consists of the Upper Rock Nature Reserve, home to Gibraltar's famous Barbary Apes, as well as an abundance of flora and fauna. Gibraltar, moreover, is a popular stepping stone for a vast array of migratory birds, making it a hot-spot for those enticed by ecological pursuits.
Gibraltar relishes from a pleasant Mediterranean climate, with warm summers and mild winters. During the summer months, the temperature occasionally exceeds 30ºC, while in winter the temperature can drop to a low of 10ºC at night. Gibraltar generally experiences an average of 830 mm of rainfall a year, largely during late winter and early spring time.